Summer 2020 Catalog


The regionalist artist Alexandre Hogue is best known for his Dust Bowl paintings of Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas, for which he received national acclaim in the 1930s. Hogue’s early paintings, writes critic Don Gray, “anthropomorphize the forms and soul of the land in a style mid-way between Grant Wood’s calm precision and Thomas Hart Benton’s heaving turbulence. Like both artists, but with his unique approach, Hogue examines nature closely, emphasizing its forms and rhythms in a way that is more a moody synthesis of reality than reality itself.” Elements of Hogue’s “humanized” landscapes were already emerging in an early work called “March Fantasy”, his engaging linoleum block print from 1927, offered here. Hogue shows a family of deer—stag, doe, and fawn—bounding through a fanciful landscape composed of muscular, rounded mountain shapes; cartoonlike trees; and cotton-ball clouds. It is a setting from myth and legend in which the deer and the landscape are equal characters in the tale.

Likely the mythic quality of the print and, to a degree, its style relates to Hogue’s interest in the art, spiritual concerns, and land ethic of the Pueblo Indians of northern New Mexico. In 1926, Hogue, who was living in Dallas at the time, began making long yearly visits to Taos, which he continued until 1942. “In addition to having contact with artists like Ernest Blumenschein, W. Herbert Dutton, and Joseph Imhof,” notes Lea DeLong. “Hogue also became acquainted with the art and culture of Native American tribes of the region. Their concepts of the centrality of nature and of the human obligation to respect nature were significant in the development of his artistic philosophy.” In the present print, for example, Hogue’s deer are close in style to the conventionalized figures and animals found in the works of young Native American artists who studied with Dorothy Dunn at the Santa Fe Indian School in the 1920s and 1930s. It is not much of a stretch to assume that Hogue knew their work from his visits to Taos, Santa Fe, and the Southwest during the period in which the school was most active.

Alexandre Hogue (1898–1994). “March Fantasy,” 1927. Two-color linocut on thin, hand made paper. Image: 9 3/8 x 13 1/2″. Sheet: 12 1/2 x 16 11/16″. Archivally framed. Signed and dated l. r. Titled l. l.: March Fantasy #16/40. Faint blue spotting l.r.; uneven but full margins. Overall, fine condition. SOLD.

Howard Cook (1901–1980). “Governor’s Palace, Santa Fe 1927,” (El Palacio Real), 1927. Woodcut from a proposed edition of 75 (50 were printed) on fine tissue paper. Image: 8 x 8 1/4″. Sheet: 11 7/8 x 9 1/16″. Custom Frames 27th black lacquer frame and Optium Plex. Signed in block, lower left, signed in pencil lower right. Inscribed by artist l.l. “75”. Very strong impression. Archival presentation. Excellent condition. $6,500.

A National Historic Landmark by HOWARD COOK

 “Governor’s Palace, Santa Fe 1927” by Howard Norton Cook depicts the oldest occupied public building in the United States located in New Mexico. The building was constructed in the early 1600s in a Spanish Pueblo style, with various overseeing powers throughout more than two hundred years. A project to restore the building began in 1909 led by anthropologist Dr. Edgar Lee Hewitt and was completed in 1913, fourteen years before the present woodcut was printed. In his print, Cook depicts a group of men in front of the Palace under the building’s portale basking in the sun on a wintry day in Santa Fe. A horse drawn carriage stalls nearby. Even in 1927, and after its restoration, the Palace of the Governors attests to the preservation of tradition even in the modern 20th century. Although he developed a national reputation as a painter and muralist during his lifetime, Howard Cook is perhaps even better known today as one of the premier American printmakers. His printmaking spanned five decades, but his best work, as well as the greater part of his output, was made in the 1920s and 1930s, the period to which the present print belongs.


Howard Cook’s mastery of printmaking is evident in “Morning Smokes, Taos Pueblo” through the precise network of lines with which the artist has successfully rendered the drama of long shadows and pueblo fires lit at the end of the day. This woodcut depicts the Indian pueblo at Taos in northern New Mexico, a UNESCO World Heritage site that has been occupied for some 1,000 years. Although Howard Norton Cook developed a national reputation as a painter and muralist during his lifetime, he is perhaps even better known today as one of the premier American printmakers. His printmaking spanned five decades, but his best work, as well as the greater part of his output, was made in the 1920s and 1930s, the period to which the present print belongs. The print’s skillful execution and exquisite play of light and dark make for a fine summation of Cook’s printmaking achievements. Cook completed many woodcuts and etchings during his first sojourn in New Mexico from 1926 to 1929. The present print belongs to this inspired period. Cook wrote of his experience, “. . . here, long before tourism, was a living, colorful, strange, appealing Indian and Spanish culture right in an exciting, primitively beautiful part of our country.”

Howard Cook (1901–80). “Morning Smokes, Taos Pueblo,” 1927. Woodcut on fine tissue paper from a proposed edition of 75 (50 were printed). Image: 8 x 8″. Custom Frames 27th black lacquer frame and Optium Plex. Signed and dated l.r., signed in block upper right, “Cook”, inscribed lower left “For Eleanor” and lower left margin “Taos Pueblo 1927 – woodcut”. Archival presentation. Excellent condition.  $7,500.

Coy Avon Seward (1884 –1939). “Poplars and Adobe,” 1929. Etching on paper. Plate mark:

5 1/4 x 3 7/8″. Sheet: 10 3/4 x 7 1/2″. Signed, l.r. Titled “Poplars and Adobe”, l.l. Wide margins; a very minor crease u.r. corner. Otherwise, excellent condition. $1,200.

A Charming Painterly Impression of the Southwest BY COY AVON SEWARD

                Coy Avon Seward created many paintings of Kansas and New Mexico subjects, but the main body of his work is comprised of the approximately 120 prints he produced, primarily lithographs, and also etchings like the one presented here. Seward grew up in Kansas not far from the original Santa Fe Trail conjuring a vast imagination about the New Mexican landscape. After 1924, Seward began trips to New Mexico to gather material for his prints, as in “Poplars and Adobe.” In this etching, he depicts a charming view of low lying adobe structures nestled among poplar trees, distinctively tall trees that grow in northern New Mexico. Though Seward was an inveterate draughtsman, he applies impressionist techniques in “Poplars and Adobe”, and a loose style, reminiscent of later paintings by Sheldon Parsons. Some scholars suggest that it is possible Seward’s small etchings were created as demonstration pieces, note cards, or for miniature print exhibitions. Some of these smaller etchings are unique impressions or were printed in extremely limited editions. As early as 1923, his prints were receiving national and international recognition.

Celebrating American Triumph and Patriotism During World War II by ALEXANDRE HOGUE

“Liberators” by Dallas Nine artist Alexandre Hogue presents a patriotic image celebrating the American servicemen who fought in World War II to defend democracy abroad, and the women who joined the workforce in the home front in effort to end World War II. A large 48 star American flag dominates the image, waving triumphantly in the wind. A white dove flies in front, and mirrors the B-24 Liberator bombers that fly overhead, like parading giant birds across an alluring sky and emanating from a rugged horizon. Printed before D-Day (June 6, 1944), this print conveys the sense of patriotism felt by many Americans to join the war effort in defeating fascism in Europe and East Asia after the attack of Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. By 1943, the American press reported on the ongoing mass murder of Jews and others at concentration camps across Europe and the American military shifted their efforts to rescue and provide relief for the many victims of Nazi atrocities. This lithograph typifies Alexandre Hogue’s technical style while also celebrating a defining moment in American and World history.

Alexandre Hogue (1898–1994). “Liberators,” 1943. Lithograph on heavy paper. Full
sheet:15 1/16 x 18 15/16″. Archival black frame. Signed and dated, l.r. Titled l.l. Uneven
top right margin. Excellent condition. SOLD.

Bertha Landers (1911–1996). “Talpa, New Mexico,” c.1940-50s. Lithograph, no. 15/25. 13 3/4 x 16 3/8″. Framed: 20 1/2 x 23″. Signed, l.r. Titled and numbered, l.l. Minor marginal spots. Otherwise fine condition. $1,850.               


In this lithograph, Bertha Landers approached her subject with a singular vision. It is “Decoration Day,” today known as Memorial Day. The scene is in Talpa, a remote village in northern New Mexico. The women visiting the cemetery adorn the rough-hewn crosses with simple flower wreaths. The artist has infused the picture with a kind of animism, in contrast to the graveyard setting. The sky is somewhat brooding, while the church structure, foliage, and figures all pulse with a fluid energy. One has the sense that the artist wished to convey the perception that life continues, while we are just passing through. Bertha Landers was born in Texas, and spent her formative years there. Ostensibly trained to be a teacher at the Sul Ross State Teachers College in Alpine, Texas, Landers went on to pursue her art study at the Colorado Springs Fine Art Center and at the Arts Students League of New York under Reginald Marsh. Back in Texas, at the Dallas Art Institute, she developed her modernist printmaking, in addition to her painting practice.


                Stephen Mopope was a painter, dancer, and accomplished flute player who was born on the Kiowa Reservation in the Territory of Oklahoma. Mopope was recognized for his artistic talent from a relatively early age. His family observed him drawing paintings in the sand, and began to mentor him in the traditional painting techniques of the Kiowa tribe. Mopope also blossomed into one of the Kiowa tribe’s finest dancers, and was considered by some to be the best. In his adult life, Mopope’s artwork was deeply influenced by Native American ceremonial dance. Mopope later attended St. Patrick’s Indian Mission School in Anadarko, Oklahoma, where he was encouraged to pursue his artistic talent even more so. In about 1914, Sister Mary Olivia Taylor, a Choctaw/Chickasaw nun, began providing art instruction to Stephen Mopope, and other Kiowa artists, who would eventually become known as the Kiowa Six. He later attended the School of Art at the University of Oklahoma under the tutelage of painter Oscar Brousse Jacobson.

Stephen Mopope [Qued Koi “Painted Robe”] (1898-1974). “Spiritual Dancer,” c.1950s-60s. Gouache on paper, 27 1/16 x 14 1/4″. Signed by artist l.r. Superb overall condition with exceptional bright color. Archival presentation in Wesley Allen veneer burl wood frame. Fine condition. $6,500.   

Charles M. Capps (1898–1981). “Sangre de Cristo,” 1951. Etching and Aquatint. From an edition of 75, 7 x 10 1/2″ to plate mark. Sheet: 11 5/16 x 14 9/16″. Handsomely framed. Signed, l.r., titled l.l. “Basingwerk Parchment” watermark. Brown tape around the edges fashioned by artist. Very good condition. $3,500.


The subject of this print by Charles M. Capps is a cemetery in northern New Mexico, near to base of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains, a range between Santa Fe and Taos. The cemetery here is shown with various types of crosses and stone markers. In the middle of the print is a post, presumably a modest grave marker with a broken sculpture of an angel or dove on top. A winding path of grass leads the eye to two distinctive mountain peaks. Sangre de Cristo in Spanish is translated as ‘Blood of Christ’, which may have been named for the red glow the mountains sometimes radiates at sunset. Capps made annual visits to the Taos and Santa Fe area for many years, and in the area’s marked contrasts of light and shadows, he found the ideal inspiration for his aquatint technique with its subtle tonal variations.  “Sangre de Cristo” was exhibited at the 21st Annual Graphic Arts and Drawing Exhibition in 1952 at the Wichita Art Association, and exhibited again in 1981 at a show of “Kansas Printmakers” at the Spencer Museum of Art.

A Subtle Contrast of Sun and Snow by JEAN PARRISH

This glowing wintry scene by Jean Parrish is executed with elegant simplicity and expert subtlety. Highly textured brushwork is contrasted with softer areas to convey a crystalline light illuminating from the center where the clouds break to reveal a cerulean sky. The expansive quality of the light on the cold roofs of the houses, and the trees behind them, reflects the dynamic quality of Parrish’s emotional response to the landscape. Of her work she said:  “When I paint I try to mirror the way light sculptures the earth, the way shadows fall.” The present elevates a mountainous landscape into a serenade of shadowy clouds and emanating light doused on a snowy, and green cloistered landscape. The 1960s was the most productive time of her painting career. For a brief period she returned to New Hampshire to take care of her ailing father, artist Maxfield Parrish. Though she rarely painted landscapes that were not of the Southwest, the present suggests the Appalachian Mountains – the title she gave the painting. Though it is not known when Parrish traveled to this area, her mother had a home on the Georgia coast, and it may have been likely they took a trip West into the mountains. In 1966 her father Maxfield passed away in his home in Plainfield, New Hampshire in March, the same year that Parrish carried out this painting.

Jean Parrish (1911–2004). “Appalachian Winter,” 1966. Oil on masonite, 18 x 24″. Signed and dated, l.r. Original gilt frame and fillet with a new silk liner, 26 5/16 x 32 3/16″. Professionally cleaned. Fine condition for the painting. $7,500.

Bernard Corey (1914–2000). “Rockport,” c. early 1960s. Oil on canvas mounted to board, 8 1/2 x 14.” Frame: 12 1/4 x 17 3/4″. Signed, l.r. Inscribed on verso in pencil: Rockport. Handsomely presented in a gold toned frame. Very fine condition. $4,800.

An Impressionist Seascape Painting by BERNARD COREY

Bernard Corey is considered one of the finest American Impressionist painters of the twentieth century. The present painting is a superb example of Corey’s ability to capture the essence of a landscape with dynamic brushwork. Here we see Rockport on a crystalline, windswept day.  Through the high-key color of the inlet, one perceives a sunlit clarity. The rhythmic brushwork pervades the wispy clouds and rocky coast, so that one senses the direction of the wind. In contrast, the density of brushwork in the foreground foliage gives a sense of calm and solid ground. A self-trained artist, Corey worked as a house painter as a young man, his landscape painting remaining a hobby. Then, in the early 1960s, he decided to dedicate himself to art and lived for some time in Rockport, honing his skills in the company of other artists. Throughout his life, other artists admired Corey for his dedication to painting on location, for long hours, in all kinds of weather. He went so far as to attach an easel to the dashboard of his car so that he could paint in rain, sleet or snow.

A Meditative Modernist Landscape by LAWRENCE CALCAGNO

                Known for his association with the California expressionists, Lawrence Calcagno’s mature works tend more toward a minimalist aesthetic, especially in his “Sunbands” series. While still referencing the landscape format, the “Sunbands” reveal a masterful sense of balance in both color and form. Calcagno returned to the subject from the mid 1960s into the 1980s. While his early life was spent in California, Calcagno’s education and work as a teacher brought him to many places. Although he had visited New Mexico in the 1950s, it was a 1972 residency at the Wurlitzer Foundation that established Taos, as his part-time home. Benefiting from the G.I. Bill, Lawrence Calcagno enrolled at the California School of Fine Arts in San Francisco in 1947. His teachers were Mark Rothko, Clyfford Still, Edward Corbett, and Richard Diebenkorn. In 1950 he went to Paris to study at L’Academie de la Grande Chaumiere, and in 1951 to Florence where he studied Renaissance art and was enrolled at the Instituto d’Arte Statale.

Lawrence Calcagno (1913-93). “Sunbands I,” 1968. Acrylic on paper, 20 x 30″. Signed and dated, l.r. Floated on silk backing. Period brass frame with wood supports verso: 22 1/2 x 32 1/2. Old typed label, verso: “Lawrence Calcagno, 215 Bowery, N.Y., 10002 N.Y.” Excellent condition, beautifully framed for this masterpiece. $7,500.

Abraham Ortelius (1527-1598). Romani Imperii Imago [Image of the Roman Empire], (Antwerp: 1579). First edition, first state. Published Theatrum Orbis Terrarum. Copperplate engraving with handcolor. 13 5/8 x 20″ at neatline; Sheet: 16 1/8 x 22″. Latin text on verso: “Romanum Iperium”. Manuscript notation “1644” on recto. Some toning on recto from old mat; soiling in left page of verso not affecting image; professionally cleaned and de-acidified. Excellent condition. $2,100. 

Abraham Ortelius’ Magnificent MAP of the HEIGHT of the ROMAN EMPIRE

This magnificent map by Abraham Ortelius, showing the height of the Roman Empire, reflects the sheer vastness of the Empire’s expanse stretching from southern England to northern Africa and all the way west to the Near East. In the center of this map, the Mediterranean Sea, was incredibly vital for the Roman Empire and greatly increased trade and the long distance mobility of peoples. Fortified cities were connected by roads to capitals of the Western Roman Empire: Rome, Ravenna, Mediolanum (Milan), and to the Eastern Roman Empire: Nicomedia (Izmit) and Byzantium (Istanbul). Though at times there was great stability, the Roman territories were constantly invaded by nomadic groups from the North separated by the Rhemus and Danubus (Rhein and Danube) rivers, and from the capital of the Phoenician colony, Cartago (Carthage), that notoriously resulted in three conflicts known as the Punic Wars. The Roman Empire’s large expanse would eventually lead to its collapse particularly in the West Roman Empire, nonetheless having an everlasting legacy on language, architecture, culture, and political systems for many more centuries.

A Fine Early Edition of Ortelius’s Beautiful MAP of the NEW WORLD

Abraham Ortelius was a great compiler of newly discovered facts and information. His New World maps reflect the Spanish entrada and the early explorations of Marcos de Niza and Francisco Vàsquez de Coronado. The geographer’s unique ability to access Spanish and Portuguese sources made his published maps of the New World the most influential maps of the late 16th and early 17th Centuries. In the present map, North America is divided between New Spain and New France, with the northwest region marked as regions incognitae. California is correctly shown as part of the largely unexplored mainland, the extreme west of which bears the name “Quivera”. Coastlines and rivers are highly detailed. The many settlements shown in Mesoamerica and Peru reveal the extent of Spanish colonization at the time. The present map is a keystone addition to any collection of the Americas as an example of one of the earliest and most influential models for the mapping of the Americas. A beautiful and important map, it contains all the characteristics of the Golden Age of Dutch and Flemish cartography including remarkably fine engraving and wonderful decorative details.

Abraham Ortelius (1528–1598). Americae Sive Novi Orbis, Nova Descriptio [New Map of America or the New World] (Antwerp: Plantin, 1603). Published in the Latin edition of Theatrum Orbis Terrarum. Double-page copperplate engraving with magnificent old color. 14 x 19 1/4″ at neatline, with full margins. Sheet: 17 7/8 x 22″. Text, verso: “Novus Orbis,” identifies this edition with the 13th line from the bottom reading, “Promittit & Postellus” Old staining, l.r.; one spot, l.c.; minor centerfold repair, verso. Excellent condition for this rare map. $7,000.

Gerard Mercator (1512-1594) / Jodicus Hondius (1563-1612). “Hispaniae Novae Nova Descriptio,” [New Spain, Newly Described] (Amsterdam: 1623 [1606]). Published in Atlas sive Cosmographicae, also known as the Mercator-Hondius atlas. Latin text edition. Copperplate engraving with original hand color. 13 3/4 x 19″ at neat line. Sheet: 15 5/8 x 20 1/2″. Three highly decorative cartouches. Text, verso: “Hispania Nova,” description of New Spain in Latin. Strong impression; minor marginal loss, lower centerfold, professionally repaired. Very good condition. $2,500.

A Foundational Map of New Spain by MERCATOR and HONDIUS

Mercator and Hondius’ map of New Spain was drawn from the seminal map of Ortelius. The Ortelius map first appeared in the 1579 Latin edition of his atlas, Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, often referred to as “the first modern atlas.” The sources for the original map were not indicated and remain to this day a subject of debate among scholars. Nevertheless, Ortelius’s map remained the most authoritative model of New Spain for decades through the highly influential Mercator-Hondius editions, which were issued until 1634. In this 1623 edition of the map, decorative embellishments have been added, including a sea monster and ship in the “Mexican Sea,” as well as a cartouche with distance scales. The map effectively documents the Spanish expansion to the west coast of Mexico, highlighting the region of Nueva Galicia, where Coronado had served as governor. The coastal region of Mexico is mapped from present-day Puerto Vallarta to Acapilco (Acapulco). The interior of New Spain is detailed with Mexico City pictured with its former twin lakes, and showing the region’s inland lakes, rivers and settlements, and Spanish missions marked by cathedral icons.


This map of the Holy Land was first published in 1632 by Tirinus in his Commentarius in Vetus et Novum Testamentum and was thereafter included in a number of ecclesiastical publications. One might assume from its recurrence that it was considered to be the most authoritative for the period. It is certainly one of the most attractive maps of the Holy Land ever made. The present example we believe to be an early edition based on the strength of the impression. Tirinus’ map is oriented toward the East with the shoreline running from Sidon (Sidonia, Lebanon) to the Nile Delta. The areas of the twelve tribes of Israel are delineated. Details also include settlements, roads, rivers and seas. A plan of the Temple of Solomon occupies the lower left corner, and an image of its façade appears in the lower right corner. Sacred objects and symbols associated with the temple appear along the sides and bottom, including the arc of the covenant, two alters, the Tabernacle of Moses, and the Holy of Holies.

Reverend Father Jacobus Tirinus [Jacobi Tirini] (1580–1636). Chorographia Terrae Sanctae in Angustiorem Formam Redacta, et ex Variis Auctoribus a Multis Erroribus Expurgata, (Antwerp: c.1632–50). Copperplate engraving on 2 sheets, joined at the center:

13 1/2 x 34 1/4″. Image: 12 5/8 x 33 1/4″. Inset map of Jerusalem, l.c. One centerfold. Strong impression; minor uneven toning; a few scattered minor spots; a few fold separations and marginal tears, all professionally repaired; small lower margin. Fine condition. $2,500.

Matthäus Merian (1593-1650) /Matthäus Merian (the Younger) (1621-1687). “Parys,” (Frankfurt: 1654). Copperplate engraving with hand color 13 3/4 x 16 5/16″ to neat line. Sheet: 14 23/25 x 17 9/16″.  Some creasing at right fold line, l. margin professionally repaired. Issued folded. Very good condition. $1,500.


Matthäus Merian produced this early map of Paris, France in 1654, oriented east to west. With southeast at the top of the map, it shows a growing city round in size and separated by the river Seine. After the end of the Thirty Years’ War, Paris was the largest city in Europe in the mid seventeenth century. This map shows fervent construction of buildings, churches, residential squares, bridges, and gardens. Two small islands in the Seine, the Île Notre-Dame and the Île-aux-vaches were combined to make the Île Saint-Louis. At the narrowest tip of the island is the Pont Neuf, Paris’ oldest standing bridge. On the right bank near the Pont Neuf was the Palais des Tuileries (Tuileries Palace), which at its west end would be the future site of the Louvre. At the widest end of the island is the Church of Notre Dame. Beyond the walled city on the right side of the map are the Palais de Luxembourg (Luxembourg Palace) and Mont de Parnasse (Montparnasse). The Bastille is the blue painted building shown left of center in the eastern part of the city.

Pierre Du Val’s Rare and Early Map OF CALIFORNIA AS AN ISLAND

This map by Pierre Du Val is a rare second state example, and the one of the earliest maps to focus on California as an island, a common belief of cartographers in the seventeenth century that lasted for a century. This map is based off of Sanson’s map of California published in 1657.  Du Val’s “Nouvveau Mexique” published in 1670 shows the extant of Spanish enclaves from California to New Mexico. This map identifies numerous locations on the American west coast including Monterey, Pt.Concepcion, Cabo San Luca, the island of Santa Cruz, and also some conjecture common for the time period like Quivera, Anian, N. Albion. A long mountain range oriented North to South is drawn in the area of New Mexico, more than likely representing the Rocky Mountains. Just west of the range is the city of Santa Fe, a northern Spanish outpost. Spanish settlement and colonization in California and New Mexico remained slow in the seventeenth century, allowing indigenous groups in the northeast to resist complete assimilation, but this would change soon thereafter.

Pierre Du Val (1618-1683). “Nouvveau Mexique,” (Paris: 1670 [1661]). Second State. Published in Le Monde ou la géographie universelle….[Vol. 1, no.9]. Copperplate engraving with outline color, 3 7/8 x 4 3/4″ to neatline. Archivally framed and matted:10 1/8 x 10 3/8″. Strong impression; normal age toning. Excellent condition. $1,500.

Henricus Hondius (1597–1650). Nova Totius Terrarum Orbis Geographica Ac Hydrographica Tabula…[New Map of the World],” (Amsterdam: 1666 [1630]). Published in Atlas Major of Jan Jansson. Double page copperplate engraving with attractive full hand color, 15 x 211/2″ to neat line.  Sheet: 16 x 22 1/8″. Overall, age toning; repaired at lower centerfold; a few minor marginal tears, faint stain near equator line in western hemisphere; fox stain near “Australis Icognita”. Very good condition. $14,000.

The Most Famous World Map of the 17th Century By HENRICUS HONDIUS

This Baroque style double hemisphere world map by Henricus Hondius reflects the masterful blending of art and science that characterizes the Golden Age of Dutch cartography. Executed in a rich color palette, Nova Totius Terrarum combines the full range of allegorical artistry with cutting edge scientific knowledge of the day. A note on America indicates Christopher Columbus’s 1492 discovery, and the 1499 naming for Amerigo Vespucci. The four elements are represented allegorically in the four corners of the image, with Apollo representing fire, Selene representing air, Poseidon representing water, and Demeter representing earth. At the bottom, a vignette shows personifications of Asia, America, and Africa—all offering tribute to an enthroned and regal Europe. Depicted at the top of the map, between the two hemispheres, is a celestial globe. From sea monsters and allegorical figures to early geography of the California and the Northwest coast of America and Canada, this piece exemplifies the best of the early maps by Dutch cartographic masters. The present example of Hondius’s “New Map of the World” is representative of the fourth state from 1666.

One of the Greatest Maps of Asia FROM the EIGHTEENTH CENTURY

This is one of the greatest maps of Asia conceived during the early eighteenth century, and provides a fascinating study of Asia in this period. Larger empires outlined in color include Persia, Mongolia, and China, while within these areas separate realms are delineated with dotted lines. The extent of the Turkish Empire is shown. Grande Tartarie, in present day Central Asia, occupies the greatest extent of territory in the content, and its various tribal territories are delineated. Famed caravan stops of the Silk Roads period that criss-crossed the Tartary region, like Samarcand (Samarkand) and Bochara (Bukhara), by this period become well-settled cities in modern day Uzbekistan. Old place names include Indostan (India and Pakistan), New Holland (Australia), and others. Notable original-color example of this meticulously-drawn map of Asia published in Amsterdam. Guillaume Delisle’s map of Asia would go on to serve as a model for many other mapmakers to follow. The Dutch firm of Covens & Mortier copied and published many of Delisle’s maps, giving full credit to the famous mapmaker, as in the present example.

Guillaume Delisle (1675-1726)/Cóvens & Mortier. “L’Asie divisée en ses Principales Regions at ou se puvent voir l’estendue des Empires Monarchies, Royaumes, et Estats qui partagent presentement l’Asie… [Asia divided in its principal regions …],” (Amsterdam: Covens & Mortier, c. 1730–42). Double-page copperplate engraving with original outline hand color. 18 1/4 x 22 7/8″ to neatline. Sheet: 20 1/2 x 25 1/8″. Strong impression; bright color; even toning; light marginal soiling; scattered light spotting; repaired marginal separation, l. c.f. Fine condition. $1,100.

Louis Brion (ca. 1743-1803) “Nouveau Mexique, Louisiane, Canada Et N’lle Angleterre,” (Paris: Louis Desnos, 1770). Published in Jean Charles Maclot’s (1728-1805) Atlas général méthodique et élementaire….Copperplate engraving with original outline hand color. Sheet: 11 5/8 x 15.” Slight age toning in centerfold; manuscript notation u.l. corner. Very good condition. $475.     

A Beautifully Engraved French Map of North America by LOUIS BRION

This fascinating map of North America by Louis Brion offers many details on the locations, settlements, explorations and discoveries in the Southwest, the Northwest and Arctic region. Inscriptions accompany the locations of different discoverers to the Northwest coast of America. The entrance to the Strait of Juan de Fuca (Jean du Fuca) is correctly located near the 48˚ line. In the Southwest, Taos and Santa Fe in present day New Mexico are shown close to the Rio del Norte (Rio Grande) river. The source of the Mississippi River is is not yet mapped, but is shown flowing accurately into the Golfe du Mexique (Gulf of Mexico). French forts and American indigenous tribes flank either side of the River. Nouvelle Angleterre (New England) maintains its stronghold along the eastern coastline from Maine to Fort St. George (Fort King George) to assist British control in Georgia near the Spanish settlement of St. Augustine. The Baye du Baffin and the Baye d’Hudson are shown east of an area labeled Esquimaux (Eskimo). Greenland is shown connected to North America, and areas further north towards the Arctic have been left blank.


Thomas Kitchin, hydrographer to the King of France, produced this superb map of Mexico showing Spanish settlement from the northernmost settlements in New Mexico to “Guatimala” and the Yucatan Peninsula. Each province of the Spanish realm is outlined in color. Numerous locations of Indian tribes are indicated. Coastlines are rendered with great detail from New Orleans to the Harbor of Sr. Francis Drake and the “Farellones” in “New Albion” (Drake’s name for California). Texas of course remains at this time the “Great Space of Land Unknown.” However, the details of river systems do extend into those parts. Mountainous regions are indicated with the type of graphic simplification characteristic of the period. Overall, this is a very attractive map that holds a wealth of historical information.

Thomas Kitchin (1718-1784). “Mexico or New Spain; in which the Motions of Cortes may be traced,” (London: W. Strahan and T. Cadell, 1777-1899). Published in William Robertson’s History of America. Copper engraving uncolored as issued 11 7/16 x 9 5/8.” Archivally framed:18 x 22″. Inset map l.l.,“Supplement of the Environs of Mexico”. Decorative title cartouche noting “For the Rev. Dr. Robertson’s History of America. By Tho.s Kitchin Sen.r Hydrographer to his Majesty.” Some slight staining u.r. corner; minor buckling c.l. Overall. very good condition. $750.

Jean (fl. 1797 – c.1829). “Plan Routier de la Ville et Faubourg de Paris divisé en 12 Municipalités [Road Map of the City and Faubourg divided into 12 Municipalities],” (Paris: c.1799). Copperplate engraving with hand color, 16 1/4 x 13″ to neat line.  Strong impression; cut margins; slight smudging l.r.; a crease through the title cartouche u.r. Very good condition. $1,500.


This map of Paris by the French publishing firm Jean shows the plan for expanding the city following Napoleon Bonaparte’s reorganization of the city into 12 Municipalities. With a growing middle class, and more nobility and military personnel residing and working in Paris, the city was destined to spread out. 11 October 1795, Paris was divided into twelve arrondissements. They were numbered from west to east, with the numbers 1–9 situated on the right bank of the Seine and the numbers 10–12 on the left bank. Paris is shown on both sides of the river Seine, from the Champ de Mars to Le Trone, extends north as far as Montmartre and south roughly to Port Royal. A detailed street index is on either side and at the bottom of this map. The engraving reveals elaborate information about buildings, streets, hills, orchards and public gardens. The present even shows an incomplete state of the northern wing of the Louvre Palace. A minister was appointed to each municipality, their names appearing in the list in the lower right quadrant of this map.


The wonderful aesthetic quality of the present map is characteristic of the Philadelphia map publisher, Anthony Finley, who was known for his superior production values. He engaged the talents of such excellent engravers as J. H. Young to create a level of quality that was praised by contemporary critics. As one of the most marvelous maps of Mexico, it also includes parts of present day Texas and Upper California. Finley’s map reveals early patterns of settlement along the Rio Grande river. The map’s details include towns, waterways, and topographical indications. Finley’s map provides an excellent picture and detail of Spanish Intendencies of San Luis Potosi, New Mexico, Durango and Sonora. It also shows the mythical lakes of Timanagos and Teguayo on the River Buenaventura which reached San Francisco Bay to Salt Lake. The Carnacaways tribe is shown in Texas, as is St. Antonio (San Antonio) and St. Jose (Mission San Jose), along with Galveston, Loredo (Laredo), Mier and other early place names.

Anthony Finley (ca.1790-1840). “Mexico,” Philadelphia: A. Finley, ca.1829-30) Published in Finley’s A New General Atlas. Copperplate engraving by Young & Delleker with fine bright original full hand color. 8 5/8 x 11 1/4″ to neat line. Sheet: 10 7/16 x 13 3/16″. Strong impression; bright and clean; excellent color; slight age toning on l. and r. edges; a few fox stains left margin; one imperfection in right margin. Very good condition. $750.                     

Henry Charles Carey and Isaac Lea. “Mexico and Guatimala,” (Philadelphia: Carey & Lea, ca. 1822-1832). First American edition. Published in Family Cabinet Atlas. Copperplate engraving with original hand color. 3 1/2 x 5 1/2″ to neat line. Sheet: 4 1/2 x 6 3/4″. Strong impression with bright color. Even and light marginal toning; light blemish near “Mexico…”; uneven lower edge; a few faint fox stains throughout image. Fine condition. $495.

Carey and Lea’s Highly Detailed Miniature MAP of MEXICAN RULE AFTER SPANISH INDEPENDENCE

Carey and Lea’s information-packed map shows the vast region Mexico ruled from present day California and the Southwest United States to Mexico and Central America. The provinces of Central America, minus Belize which was controlled by the British, are shown unified as Guatemala (referred to on this present map as Guatimala), Present day Texas is not yet named, and shown incorporated into the region of New Spain with unusual Northern boundaries.  This map includes some great detail of the western coast of California and the Baja Peninsula. Old Spanish missions are named in New California are delineated, including Monterrey, San Francisco, Santa Barbara, San Diego and Santa Fe in New Spain. Northern California is still named by its old name New Albion. A mysterious and conjectural salt lake is shown nearby in present day Nevada called L. Solado. A key on the left side shows 21 provinces in Mexico, and eight provinces in Guatimala. Carey and Lea’s Family Cabinet Atlas was one two atlases published by Carey and Lea, marking a new level of excellence in commercial map production in the United States.

Lieutenant Col. William H. Emory. “NOTES OF A MILITARY RECONNAISSANCE, FROM FORT LEAVENWORTH, IN MISSOURI, TO SAN DIEGO, IN CALIFORNIA, INCLUDING PART OF THE ARKANSAS, DEL NORTE, AND GILA RIVERS,” [House Exec Doc. No. 41, 30th Cong., 1st session, 1848], (Wendell & Van Benthuysen, Washington DC: 1848). Hard cover cloth book with original label. Two maps accompany the report: “Sketch of part of the march & wagon road of Lt. Colonel Cooke from Santa Fe to the Pacific Ocean 1846-7” in fine condition, and one detached, Abert and Peck’s “Military Reconnaissance of the Arkansas Rio del Norte and Rio Gila” with considerable wear with fold splits, but mostly intact. Contains four reports: 1) Notes of a Military Reconnaissance from Fort Leavenworth, in Missouri, to San Diego, in California, Including Part of the Arkansas, Del Norte, and Gila Rivers / 2) Report of Lieut. J. W. Abert, of his Examination of New Mexico, in the Years 1846-47 / 3) Report of Lieut. Col. P. St. George Cooke of his March from Santa Fe, New Mexico, to San Diego, Upper California  4) Journal of Captain A. R. Johnston, First Dragoons. Report includes lithographic plates, geological and botanical illustrations including one of the earlier views of Santa Fe. Report cloth somewhat soiled, with exposure at corners with some minor separation along joints. Some age toning and foxing throughout the pages; one lithographic plate detached. Overall, very good condition.              $1,200.


In the midst of the Mexican-American War, the United States Army initiated the first systematic survey of the Territory of New Mexico, resulting in the present report by W.H. Emory. As was typical for the period, the army engineers undertook a range of tasks in recording the characteristics of the land, plants, animals, and people. The final reports by Emory and Abert contain highly detailed records. The U.S. survey program of this period initiated a number of exploratory expeditions that were unprecedented in scope, making many of its participants famous in history, while laying the foundations of American Southwest geography. The assignment of three topographical engineers to Kearney’s expedition speaks of the importance of this mission. All three engineers—Abert, Peck, and Emory—came out of WestPoint.

A 19th Century Chart Showing HEIGHTS of MOUNTAINS and LENGTHS of RIVERS AROUND the WORLD

This chart of the world’s great mountains and rivers by Henry Teesdale is a striking example of the kind of encyclopedic information that mapmakers of the late nineteenth century sought to include in their atlases. The courses of 43 major world rivers are portrayed in geographic detail, from their mouths at major water bodies to their known mountain sources and headwaters. Tributaries from large to medium to small, as well as lakes of numerous sizes are shown, along with riverside cities and towns. Through distortion by straightening of the watercourses and their watersheds, the major river systems’ lengths are compared side-by-side, vertically. Their rankings are notably different then they would be today, with Yangtze shown as the longest system, the Amazon second, and the Nile, fifth. For North and South America, Asia, Africa, Europe, highly stylized mountains are projected diagonally across the chart, with elevations noted at right, and a key that lists their names at the bottom.

Henry Teesdale (1776-1855). “A Comparative View of the Heights of the Principal Mountains and Legnths of the Principal Rivers in the World,” (John Dower, London: 1848). Published in A New General Atlas of the World. Steel plate engraving with hand color on heavy paper, 16 1/4 x 13″ to neat line. Sheet: 18 9/16 x 15 1/4″. Some toning at centerfold; minor tear in l. centerfold. Fine Condition. $350.

James W. Abert (1820-1897)/William G. Peck (1820-1892). “Map of the Territory of New Mexico . . . 1846–7,” (Washington, D. C.: Senate Executive Document No. 438, 1848).  Published in Emory’s Notes of a Military Reconnaissance… 1848. Lithograph, black and white as issued. 24 3/4 x 19 1/2″ to neat line. Framed: 34 1/2 x 28 1/2″. Slight creasing u.l. and near fold lines; very minor foxing; professionally backed on tissue; clean. Archivally framed and matted. Excellent Condition. $2,500.

Abert’s Detailed Map of the Rio Grande Valley in NEW MEXICO TERRITORY

This influential map of the Territory of New Mexico was initiated by the first systematic survey by Lieutenants J.W. Abert and W.G. Peck, both graduates of West Point Academy, in the midst of the Mexican-American War from 1846-1848. Abert and Peck were members of the Topographical Corps of Engineers attached to the U. S. Army during the presidency of James K. Polk, and under the leadership of United States Army Officer Philip Kearny, Jr. This map was generated from the famous report by J.W. Abert, …Examination of New Mexico…, which includes personal accounts of his exploration of New Mexico from Fort Leavenworth, Bent’s Fort, and onwards to Santa Fe, moving behind Kearny’s army in 1846. This map shows the extent of Abert and Peck’s exploration of New Mexico, and plots well established cities like Santa Fe and Albuquerque as well as Native American pueblos, mountain ranges and passes, and rivers along their journey.

Colton’s Early Landmark MAP of CALIFORNIA

“California” by Joseph Colton was first issued separately as a pocket map in 1853, and is probably the best-known map of the state during the 1850s. It is one of the earliest maps of the state of California, predated only by the Butler map and the Gibbs New Map of California, both of 1851. Bordered by Colton’s signature interlacing pattern, the present map shows counties variously colored, explorers’ routes, railroads (existing and “explored” routes); cities; mountain ranges including named peaks and their elevations, missions; the gold region of the Sierra foothills; marsh lands, river systems, bays and volcanoes. According to Wheat, Colton’s “California” “was reprinted with little change each year during most of the remainder of the decade, and was tastefully prepared, containing, however, a few egregious errors (such as ‘Mt. Diabolo’ and ‘Quartzbury’). . . . The inset map of the City of San Francisco is an excellent chart of the city.”

Joseph Hutchins Colton (1800-1893). “California,” (J. H. Colton & Co., New York: 1856). First edition, second issue. Published in Colton’s Atlas of the World. Lithograph with superb original full hand color 16 x 13″ at strap-work border, with full, even margins on heavy paper. Sheet: 18 1/2 x 15 1/2″. Inset in u.r. corner: “City of San Francisco”. Blank on verso. A few small tears at bottom; a few faint fox marks u.l. and u.r.  Very good condition. $1,500.

An Early and Rare Large-Scale Pocket Map of Iowa

Henn and Williams’ impressively sized map of Iowa effectively records an important point in the state’s history. This traveler’s map was clearly produced with the investor in mind at a time when Iowa was experiencing accelerated settlement and economic development. By 1851, the U.S. government had secured all remaining Indian territories in Iowa, and the General Land Office completed partition of this “Public Land” state into township and range, preparing Iowa for full-scale settlement. U.S. Land offices are highlighted on Henn’s map, along with county seats, towns, post offices, mills, ferries, and mines—important types of information for prospective developers and industrialists. While existing railroads are mostly confined to the eastern part of the state where settlement is most concentrated, this map also shows the many projected continuations of these and new lines. With a network of railroads connected to Chicago, the agricultural and industrial products of Iowa would be transported through Chicago and across the nation.

Bernhart Henn (1817-1865)/Jesse Williams. “A Township Map of the State of Iowa Compiled from the United States Surveys, official information and personal reconnaissance, showing the Streams, Roads, Towns, Post Offices, County Seats, Works of Internal Improvement, &c. &c.,” (Fairfield, Iowa: Henn, Williams & Co. and Philadelphia: R.L. Barnes, 1855 [1854]). Notice, u.l.: Henn, Williams & Co. Dealers in Land, Land Warrants & Exchange. Lithographed pocket map with bright original full and outline hand color. 20 7/8 x 34 3/4″ to neat line. Sheet: 21 1/2 x 35 3/8″. Issued folding. Presented with embossed green cloth cover with gilt titling. Stamp inside front board and on map, l.r.: Collection of Edgar Rapele Case. Map has minor scattered spotting; overall very good for this scarce map. Folder excellent. $2,500.

Charles Desilver  (f.l. c.1850-1862) /Samuel A. Mitchell (1790-1868). “A New Map of Nebraska, Kansas, New Mexico and Indian Territories,” (Philadelphia: No. 251 Market Street, 1856–57). Published in A New Universal Atlas. Lithograph with full original hand color. 15 3/4 x 13 3/4″ to decorative border. Sheet: 17 3/8 x 14 1/8″. Strong impression; heavy paper; original binding holes l. margin; some minor marginal age toning. Fine condition. $1,500.

Charles Desilver’s Iconic Map REFLECTING the KANSAS-NEBRASKA ACT of 1854

This map by Charles Desilver provides a fascinating study of mid-nineteenth century western territories before the Civil War when political wrangling brought U.S. territories and states into a more familiar format. The configuration of these territories reflects the changes brought about by the 1854 Kansas-Nebraska Act, when Kansas was carved out of what had just prior been called “Unorganized Territory” (previously Missouri Territory) and a larger Indian Territory, with the remaining northern area designated as Nebraska. The map also reflects the proposed Pacific Rail routes resulting from the 1853-55 surveys. Desilver’s map shows region from the Great Plains to west of the Rocky Mountains, with early configurations for the territories of Nebraska, Kansas, and New Mexico. Indian Territory (later Oklahoma), and parts of the territories of Minnesota, Oregon, and Utah also appear. The Kansas border extends beyond Pike’s Peak to the western edge of the Rocky Mountain chain. Oregon and Utah territories are shown overlapping and melding together, while the future Dakotas, Montana, Wyoming, Idaho, Arizona, and Colorado have yet to appear.


Rogers and Johnston are known for the incomparable detail given to their maps of the southwest. The mapmakers rendered these maps on a uniform scale, which is quite rare. As a result, this beautiful map is one of only a few published maps that show the Territory of New Mexico separately. Here, New Mexico Territory encompasses present-day Arizona and parts of Colorado and Nevada. Details are beautifully rendered and include the locations of Native American tribes, settlements, forts, rivers, springs, topographical features, and the locations of gold, silver and copper mines. Purple lines drawn on the map are identified as the “Proposed Pacific Railway Routes” below the title block. Rogers and Johnston no doubt made use of the landmark Parke-Kern map of the territory published in 1851, along with updated information from the many new public surveys that followed the Gadsden Purchase of 1853–54, an agreement made specifically to allow for a southern transcontinental railroad. In this present map, Rogers and Johnston trace the various proposed routes through the newly-acquired land. Because of ensuing debates over slavery, the Southern Pacific was actually delayed until after the Civil War.

Henry Darwin Rogers (1808-1866)/Alexander Keith Johnston (1804-1871). “Territory of New Mexico,” (London: John Murray, 1857) Published in Atlas of the United States of North America. Engraving with fine bright original outline hand color. 12 15/16 x 16 1/4″ at neat line. Sheet: 14 1/2 x 17 25/32″. Even age toning; slightly weak centerfold at top margin. Excellent condition.                $2,800. 

Henry Darwin Rogers (1808-1866)/Alexander Keith Johnston (1804-1871). “Territories of Washington and Oregon,” (London: John Murray, 1857) Published in Atlas of the United States of North America. Engraving with fine bright original outline hand color. 12 15/16 x 16 1/4″ at neat line. Sheet: 14 1/2 x 17 25/32″. Even age toning. Excellent condition. $2,500.


Henry Darwin Rogers and Alexander Keith Johnston published this beautiful British map of Washington and Oregon territories in 1857. Both territories are drawn here in their horizontal configuration showing Washington and Oregon extended east to include present day Idaho. The eastern most boundary of both territories is represented by a large mountain chain, Chippewayan (Rocky Mountains). Major inland cities in both territories are seen established west of the Cascade Mountains. Early place names plot the locales of important forts and trading posts, like Ft. Vancouver, Ft. Boisée, Spokane Ho. (Spokane House) and Ft. Hall. Many trading posts developed as important stations for emigrants on the Oregon Trail through the 1850s. Mountains are rendered with fine topographical indications. Rivers and lakes are also finely drawn. The highly defined Pacific coastline includes names for ports and shows several islands. Proposed railroads marked in purple plan the most practical route from Seattle east to the Nebraska Territory. The mapping of railroads, towns and counties gives a good indication of the progress of development at the time before statehood.

An Exceptionally Rare Pocket Map of Kansas CREATED AFTER the KANSAS-NEBRASKA ACT

John G. Wells’ beautifully colored pocket map of Kansas Territory provides an extraordinary early record three years after the Kansas-Nebraska Act was signed. Counties are indicated in color. Native American reservations, forts, townships, roads and railroads are delineated. Emigrant routes are shown, including the Emigrant Route to Santa Fe and the Leavenworth and Ft. Riley Road. At this stage in the territory’s development, emigrant settlement is clearly concentrated along the Missouri River. Most of the counties in the western half are unsurveyed. Extremely well mapped is the extensive network of rivers, including the headwaters of the Kansas River in the upper left corner and the Neosho River which flows southeast. After the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, Kansas was in unorganized territory. Eastern Kansas as we know it today was largely populated by Native Americans who settled in the river valleys.  The Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 initiated the expansion of the Transcontinental Railroad through Kansas, and encouraged rapid European settlement, particularly around Fort Leavenworth on the Missouri River. The bill is most often known for repealing the Missouri Compromise, which afforded the citizens of Kansas Territory “popular sovereignty” to determine themselves if they would consent to slavery.

John Gaylord Wells (1821-1880). “Wells’ New Sectional Map of Kansas…,” (New York: J. G. Wells,1857). Second edition. Lithographed pocket map with fine, bright original full and outline hand color 28 15/16 x 21 1/2″ to decorative border. Wide vine border with Native American portrait medallions at each corner. Sheet size: 31 3/4 x 23 1/2″. Accompanied by cloth booklet with blind-embossed front and back covers, title in gilt: “Well’s New Sectional Map of Kansas”. Some manuscript notations “Henry Hastings” in pocket covers. Advertisement for Wells publications on front pastedown. Crisp, strong strike and exceptional color; uneven cut edges; minor foxing in l. margin; age toning at folds; some wear to original case. Overall, very good condition. $8,000.

George Woolworth (1827-1901)/ Charles B. Colton (1831-1916). “Map of the Country from Lake Superior to the Pacific Ocean from the latest Explorations and Surveys to Accompany the Report of Edwin F. Johnson, Chief Engineer of the Northern Pacific Railroad,” (New York: G. W. and C. B. Colton, 1867). Published in Johnson’s Report to the President and Directors of the Northern Pacific Railroad Company. Lithograph with fine, bright, original full hand color on bank note paper. 21 3/4 x 43 1/2″ at neat line. Sheet size: 22 3/4 x 45 1/4″. Superb color; issued folding; a few corner splits; shrink-wrapped. Fine condition. $1,800.


This terrific and scarce map by G.W. and C.B. Colton of the northern tier of states from Detroit west to the Pacific coast accompanied the report of Edwin E. Johnson, chief of the Northern Pacific Railroad, on the progress of the construction of the railroad. On July 2, 1864, President Abraham Lincoln signed an Act of Congress creating the Northern Pacific Railroad Company to be the first northern transcontinental route. The railroad was chartered to build from the Great Lakes to Puget Sound along a line that followed the journey of the 1804–1806 Lewis and Clark expedition across the West. The route of the Northern Pacific from Duluth to the western terminals is marked on the map in red. A profile of the route’s elevations appears at the top of the sheet. The map includes a large area of southern Canada as well as beautiful full-color renderings of Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Montana, Dakota, northern Nebraska, Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Michigan. Dakota Territory is not yet divided, and Wyoming is indicated but not named.

The First Privately Published MAP OF NEW MEXICO

This extremely rare map of New Mexico Territory, prepared by engineer and surveyor William R. Morley, is an invaluable record of the boundaries of private land grants, military and Indian reservations, public surveys, and proposed railroads. The map also records New Mexico geography, paying particular attention to the valleys of the Rio Grande and the Pecos, the mountains, and the “dry rolling country.” The gathering of data was generated by the Atchison, Topeka and the Santa Fe Railway plan to build the first railroad line into New Mexico Territory. After gold was found on the Maxwell Land Grant in 1866, ATSF had Dutch investors interested in building a route from Granada, Colorado, to Cimarron, New Mexico, at which time he engaged Morley to find a feasible route. But with the Panic of 1873, the railroad discontinued the plan. Accordingly, this map shows no projected rail line for the Granada-Cimarron route. Morley then published his map privately, and it became an important tool for the settlement and early development of the New Mexico Territory. Six years later, the railroad made the controversial decision to complete its connection into New Mexico via the town of Lamy, rather than the Santa Fe.

William Raymond Morley (1846–83). “Morley’s Map of New Mexico. Compiled from the latest Government surveys and other reliable sourees [sic, sources],” (Cimarron, New Mexico : Harry Whigham & G. A. Bushnell, 1873). Lithographed pocket map with original outline hand color. 24 3/8 x 25 7/8″ at decorative border. Sheet: 25 1/4 x 26 1/4″. Issued folded in and accompanied by original brown cloth booklet with embossed gilt titling and embossed decorative borders. Original publisher’s label, Colorado  Library stamp, and manuscript notations inside front board. Old signature and stamp inside front board: Edmund J. Rogers. Map has some printer’s wrinkles, lower margin; some transference from original binding, l.l; some toning at folds; scattered minor spots; a few fold separations, repaired. $13,500.

George M. Wheeler (1842-1905). “77 B. Part of Central New Mexico,” (Washington, D.C.: 1877). Published in U.S. Geographical Surveys West Of The 100th Meridian. Photo-lithograph, 15 x 20″ to neat line. Framed and matted: 28 x 33 1/2″. Clean and strong impression; a few fox stains u.l.; two small tears in right margin. Very good condition. $850.                                                                        

Wheeler’s Topographical MAP of CENTRAL NEW MEXICO

This topographical map of “Central New Mexico” is a detailed record showing the area’s vast mountain ranges, cities, villages, pueblos and trade routes published in 1877 and part of George Wheeler’s famous survey of the western territories of the United States. This map extends from Peralta, just south of Albuquerque along the Rio Grande River, to the southernmost villages that surrounded the city of Santa Fe, such as Cieneguilla and Agua Fria (later incorporated).  Santa Fe is shown just above the border to the right of center. Exploration and emigrant routes are shown with distances between major points. It also includes information about the mountains and rivers including annotations of their heights and depths. The Sante Fe Trail, a well-traversed road for new settlers and merchants alike, is marked in the upper right corner, winding its way to and from Pecos.  Southwest of the Pecos ruins is Koslowski, a popular trading post and resting place along the Santa Fe Trail.

A Landmark Map of Colorado BY HOMER L. THAYER

Homer L. Thayer (b. 1838). “Thayer’s New Map of the State of Colorado Compiled from Official Surveys and Explorations,” (Denver: H.L. Thayer, 1882 [1874]). Lithographed pocket map with original hand color, 24 1/4 x 28 1/8″ to neat line. Sheet: 27 x 33 7/8″. Original green cloth cover with embossed gilt titling. Map issued folded; clean and crisp; bright color; some marginal spots; very light wear at bottom horizontal fold. Overall very fine condition for this rare map. $5,500.

Homer L. Thayer (b. 1838). “Thayer’s New Map of the State of Colorado Compiled from Official Surveys and Explorations,” (Denver: H.L. Thayer, 1882 [1874]). Lithographed pocket map with original hand color, 24 1/4 x 28 1/8″ to neat line. Sheet: 27 x 33 7/8″. Original green cloth cover with embossed gilt titling. Map issued folded; clean and crisp; bright color; some marginal spots; very light wear at bottom horizontal fold. Overall very fine condition for this rare map. $5,500.

Garnier Frères (f.l.1833-1983). “Nouveau Plan de Paris… [New Map of Paris…],” (Paris: c.1881). Lithograph on heavy paper, 30 5/16 x 45″ to neat line. Sheet: 35 9/16 x 50″. Professionally repaired tears at folds; slight print transference in lower margin; minor age toning. Excellent Condition. 1,800.

A Fascinating Monumental Map of PARIS AFTER the ‘HAUSSMANN RENOVATION’

This spectacular large scale map was published by the Garnier Frères (Garnier Brothers), and is largely based on an 1877 pocket map of Paris by French cartographer A. Vuillemin. In the late nineteenth century, Paris was divided into twenty arrondissements (districts). The eight new districts of Paris, that were once considered suburbs, were added in 1860, and follow the distinctive “snail shape” organization around the Seine river. This bird’s eye view perspective shows Paris in great detail including streets, residences, and monuments, including the Pantheon, Les Invalides and the Arc de Triomphe. Not shown on this map is the Eiffel Tower, which was yet to be built in its present location on the Champs de Mars. “Haussman’s Renovation of Paris” as it is known as was a public program commissioned by Emperor Napoleon III and led by Georges-Eugène Haussmann from 1853 to 1870. Haussmann proposed the construction of large boulevards in effort to unify different neighborhoods and to allow for better access for carriages and carts that would otherwise not been able to traverse the small roads. Twenty years after this map was published, Paris was constructing its first underground metro routes, a further suggestion that Paris was modernizing at the same pace as other major cities like Chicago and Berlin.

1889 OBERLY MAP of INDIAN TERRITORY & 1890 Report from the Secretary of the Interior “concerning the legal status of the Indians in Indian Territory”

This map of Indian Territory by John Oberly was issued in association with the United States Government’s declaration in March of 1889 to “open” the western section of Indian Territory to settlement. It was included in the Senate report of 1890, detailing the 80-year history of U.S. and Indian treaties that established many Indian Nations’ holdings in Indian Territory. The map itself is a graphic illustration of this history, with 31 areas corresponding to an index that includes information about the treaties and executive orders that over time drew the patchwork of Indian Territory. Overlapping outlined areas are indicative of areas being subdivided at times when more tribes were moved into the territory.

John Oberly (1837-1899)/ C.A. Maxwell. “Indian Territory Compiled under the direction of the Hon. John H. Oberly. Commissioner of Indian Affairs by C.A. Maxwell. Chief Law and Land Division, Indian Bureau,” (Baltimore: A. Hoen & Co., 1889). Published by the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs in Senate Executive Doc. No. 78, 51st Congress, 1st Session, 1890: Letter from the Secretary of the Interior, transmitting, In response to Senate Resolution of March 10, 1890, the compilation concerning the legal status of the Indians in Indian Territory. Lithograph in seven colors. 23 1/2 x 31 1/2″ at neat line. Sheet: 25 3/4 x 33 1/2″ plus binding tab, l.l. Issued folded. Excellent color, bright and clean; light marginal spotting, l.r.; a few very minor separations, repaired. Overall excellent condition. Presented with original 31-page report, with even age toning, bound to style. $4,500.

Arbuckle Brothers Coffee Company (1871-Present). “New Mexico,” (Knapp and Co., New York:1889). Lithograph on light weight paper, 3 1/2 x 5 9/16″ to border. Sheet: 10 1/2 x 11 3/4″.  Description of “Florida” on verso. Stain in u.r. Fine condition.  $120.

Arbuckle Brothers Coffee Company (1871-Present). “Oregon,” (Knapp and Co., New York:1889). Lithograph on light weight paper, 3 1/2 x 5 9/16″ to border. Sheet: 10 1/2 x 11 3/4″. Description of “Maryland” on verso. Stain in u.r.; a few minor tears. Fine condition. $120.

Collectible Popular Victorian Trading Cards of NEW MEXICO and OREGON

The Arbuckle Brothers Coffee Company produced this fascinating pictorial map in the late twentieth century as collectible trading cards that were extremely popular during the Victorian era. After the initial success of their business, the Arbuckle Brothers began to include gifts with their packages of coffee beans like peppermint sticks, coupons, and promotional trade cards, such as the present. One of the most popular sets of trading cards produced by the Arbuckle’s Coffee was a set of fifty geographical cards featuring maps of forty states, nine territories and the District of Columbia. In addition to each map, each card also included information about the population, the area size and an illustration emphasizing the landscape, its wildlife and commerce. The Arbuckle Brothers were an entrepreneurial duo that started their business in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania as grocers. Intent on capturing a burgeoning coffee market, they decided to package and sell one pound bags of coffee beans. One particular kind of coffee, the “Arbuckles’ Ariosa Coffee” was very popular in the western areas of the United States, especially the cattle drives out of Texas, and so much so, that it’s often referred to as the “Original Cowboy Coffee”.


This attractive panoramic view of Laredo, Texas is by well known lithographer and view maker Henry Wellge. The late nineteenth century brought much prosperity and boom to Laredo. The population soared from just 1,500 in 1880 to 12,000 people in 1890. Wellge documented the city’s expansion, especially downtown with the construction of a new Webb County Courthouse and city hall. Railroad developers built the Rio Grande and Pecos Railway in 1882-83 and in addition to bringing other goods and materials, the railroads provided a larger market for coal found in Minera, a town upriver suggested in the upper left hand corner of this view. As Wellge shows, the miners would float the coal down the river in barges. Laredo was linked to Mexico by the first international bridge, and made Laredo the gateway to Mexico. Laredo remained a predominantly Mexican city, but the arrival of large numbers of Anglo-Americans led to the development of a separate Anglo culture and change was imminent by the end of the century.

Henry Wellge (1850-1917)/American Publishing Company “Perspective Map of the City of Laredo,” (Milwaukee: c.1890-2). Lithograph on heavy paper. Uncolored as issued. Sheet: 24 x 36 1/8″. Inset view: “City Hall”, “Webb County Court House”, “Opera House”, “Office Block”, “Masonic Hall” l.l. and l.r. Some very slight smudging around edges; very minor chipped edges. Excellent condition. $7,000.

Edward Rollandet (1852–?). “Rollandet’s Map of the City of Denver. Pocket Edition Jan’y. 1st 1890,” (Denver: Edward Rollandet, 1890). Lithograph with red outline. 33 1/8 x 32 1/2″ at neat line. Sheet: 35 5/8 x 36″. Issued folding. Inscription, lower margin: DENVER. Some wear at fold lines; a few fold separations; a few losses at fold intersections; the whole professionally backed with archival tissue. Presented on foam core and shrink wrapped. Very good condition. $2,000.


The present “pocket map” of Denver was issued with the investor in mind. Edward Rollandet, originally from the Netherlands and later residing in Colorado, clearly had a number of clients in real estate and banking who encouraged business by distributing his map to likely investors. The online Portal to Texas History exhibits an example of the present map in original paper covers that reads: “City of Denver Colorado with some notes regarding Investments. Presented by Chas. Howell & Co. Investment Bankers, Denver, Colo. …” The details of Rollandet’s map includes township grid, street names, lot numbers, landowners, roads, urban transit lines, railroads, neighborhood additions and subdivisions, parks, military posts, and watershed. The map shows Denver from the period of one of its greatest booms. The population grew from approx. 35,000 to 105,000 between 1880 and 1890. Edward Rollandet also worked as a draftsman for the important map publisher, H. L. Thayer on whose maps of Colorado his name appears as “draftsman” beginning about 1877. By 1881, Rollandet had begun issuing maps of Denver under his own name and continued to do so until about 1898.

Important Post Route Map of NEW MEXICO TERRITORY

The late nineteenth century brought about a much more efficient postal route system, and maps such as the one presented here by Adolph von Haake were redrawn constantly to ensure the latest information. This map of the “Territory of New Mexico” shows Post Offices with the intermediate distances and mail routes in operation, and also railways under construction. Administrative boundaries, cities, villages, roads, electric and cable cars and major postal routes are color coded for frequency of delivery. It also includes the lists of counties in the territory, and a key of one hundred sixteen mining districts. Three Forest Reserves are shown in green: Gila River, Pecos and Lincoln. Maps like the present were displayed in post offices all across the nation and featured the U.S. Post Office department logo like the seal seen above the title in this map. With the completion of the great transcontinental railroad in 1869, mail transport was greatly expanded by the railroad companies. The volume of mail also increased, as many more people particularly in rural areas, were able to send and receive mail inexpensively.

Adolph von Haake/United States Post Office Department (1792-1971). “Post Route Map of the Territory of New Mexico,” (Norris Peters Co., Washington, D.C.: 1902). Photo-lithograph on paper 21 1/16 x 17 1/32″ to neat line. Sheet: 22 3/4 x 18″. Normal age toning and minor yellowing at folds; minor chipped edge u.r. corner; some very minor marginal tears. Very good condition. $1,200.

General Land Office (1812-1946). Territory of New Mexico Compiled from the official Records of the General Land Office and other sources under the direction of I.P. Berthrong, Chief of Drafting Division G.L.O., (Washington, D.C.: Andrew B. Graham Co., 1907). Department Of The Interior General Land Office Richard A. Ballinger, Commissioner. Color photolithograph. 22 1/2 x 17 3/4″ to neat line. Sheet: 22 1/2 x 19 1/2″. Issued folding. Bright and clean; minor and faint fox mark u.r. corner. Excellent condition. $900.

TERRITORIAL MAP of NEW MEXICO with Private Land Grants

The late nineteenth century brought about a much more efficient postal route system, and maps such as the one presented here by Adolph von Haake were redrawn constantly to ensure the latest information. This map of the “Territory of New Mexico” shows Post Offices with the intermediate distances and mail routes in operation, and also railways under construction. Administrative boundaries, cities, villages, roads, electric and cable cars and major postal routes are color coded for frequency of delivery. It also includes the lists of counties in the territory, and a key of one hundred sixteen mining districts. Three Forest Reserves are shown in green: Gila River, Pecos and Lincoln. Maps like the present were displayed in post offices all across the nation and featured the U.S. Post Office department logo like the seal seen above the title in this map. With the completion of the great transcontinental railroad in 1869, mail transport was greatly expanded by the railroad companies. The volume of mail also increased, as many more people particularly in rural areas, were able to send and receive mail inexpensively.


These five volumes consist of a monumental and exceptionally thorough work on the history of cartography from the first Spanish explorations through the beginning of the American Civil War by Carl I. Wheat is unlikely to be surpassed. Wheat sought after every map, manuscript or printed, relating to the “Transmississippi West” before 1861. Magnificently illustrated with more than 300 facsimile maps, some which are folding and some are in color. Wheat discusses each map, showing its origins and focusing on accuracy. Included with this five-volume set is the original announcement, provided with the first volume, written by the Institute of Historical Cartography. Carl I. Wheat was a Californian lawyer and historian in addition to being an American cartographer.  He studied the topography of the western America and compiled maps through patient search of map collections in all parts of the United States. The definitive and the most preferred of all American references on maps, “Mapping the Transmississippi West, 1540-1861” remains a work of scholarship to this day and an essential tool for scholars and collectors alike.

Carl Irving Wheat (1892-1966).“Mapping the Transmississippi West, 1540–1861,” (San Francisco: 1957–1963). Published by The Institute of Historical Cartography. First edition, limited to 1,000 copies. Five volumes bound in a six-volume set (volume five has two parts) with the rare, original eight page printed announcement. Designed by Grabhorn Press; volume one printed by Grabhorn; volumes two through five printed by Taylor & Taylor. Hardbound; leatherette and buckram style; lacking brown paper dust jackets. Otherwise excellent condition. $3,500.

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